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新鲜体验 openSUSE 12.1下搭建Web服务器

http://www.sina.com.cn  2012年03月15日 08:46  中关村在线微博

  作者:赵为民

  随着互联网技术的不断发展,Web服务器在中小企业中迅速得到广泛应用,而搭建Web服务器是 管理人员经常会遇到一个基本技能。Web服务器的搭建一般可分为两种情况,Windows或者Linux,Windows可以借助自带的IIS服务器搭 建,也可以借助第三方的软件搭建,比如Home Web Server软件;而对于Linux,现在常用到的软件为Apache。


在opensuse12.1搭建web服务器

  Linux是近年来比较流行的Web服务器的搭建系统,以开源、稳定、高安全等特性迅速成为Web服务器的主流。在国内Red Hat可以说是搭建服务器的最多Linux系统,但国际上,openSUSE则依靠着其强大的性能得到非常广泛的应用,其实在Linux下搭建服务器原理 上是基本相同的,只不过一些具体的命令操作会有不同,本文给大家演示的是在openSUSE12.1的服务器版搭建Apache2的Web服务器。

  LAMP是Lniux,Apache,MySQL,PHP的缩写,这里我们将给大家展示怎么在OpenSUSE 12.1的服务器版本中用PHP5和MySQL搭建Apache2的Web服务器。具体请看下面步骤。

  1.开始说明

  本教程中使用的IP地址是192.168.0.100,主机名称为Server1.example.com 这些设置可能会有所不同,你需要根据不同情况进行修改。

  2.安装MySQL5

  首先我们需要先用下面的命令安装MySQL5:

  yast2 -i mysql mysql-client mysql-community-server

  然后我们需要创建MySQL系统的启动键链接启动MySQL服务器,这样以便于MySQL在系统启动时自动启动,

  systemctl enable mysql.service

   systemctl start mysql.service

  为了确保MySQL的安装完成,运行:

    mysql_secure_installation

  下面会遇到下面的提示问题;

  server1:~ # mysql_secure_installation

    NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MySQL

    SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY!

    In order to log into MySQL to secure it, we'll need the current

    password for the root user. If you've just installed MySQL, and

    you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank,

    so you should just press enter here。

    Enter current password for root (enter for none): <-- 输入密码

    OK, successfully used password, moving on.。.

    Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MySQL

    root user without the proper authorisation。

    Set root password? [Y/n] <-- 输入Y

    New password: <-- 设置数据库密码

    Re-enter new password: <-- 重新输入数据库密码

    Password updated successfully!

    Reloading privilege tables。.

    ... Success!

    By default, a MySQL installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone

    to log into MySQL without having to have a user account created for

    them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation

    go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a

    production environment。

    Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] <-- 选择Y

    ... Success!

    Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'. This

    ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network。

    Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] <-- 选择Y

    ... Success!

    By default, MySQL comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can

    access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed

    before moving into a production environment。

    Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] <-- 选择Y

    - Dropping test database.。.

    ... Success!

    - Removing privileges on test database.。.

    ... Success!

    Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far

    will take effect immediately。

    Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] <-- 选择Y

    ... Success!

    Cleaning up.。.

    All done! If you've completed all of the above steps, your MySQL

    installation should now be secure。

    Thanks for using MySQL!

    server1:~ #

  现在你的MySQL安装应成功了

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